Fractions: Numerators and Denominators
When students are first learning fractions, it can be tricky for them to remember the difference between the numerator and the denominator. I start by explaining that a fraction is a part of a whole- like a piece of a pie. Each fraction has two parts: the top number and the bottom number. The bottom number represents how many pieces the pie was cut in to, and the top number represents how many of those pieces of pie are left. I like to have my student write a fraction, and then draw that fraction as a piece or pieces of pie to incorporate multi-sensory learning.
Once they understand this concept, I use a pneumonic device and a drawing to help them remember that the top number is called the numerator, and the bottom number is called the denominator. I tell them, “the numerator is number one, and the denominator is downstairs!”